Nevada Union High School

Nevada Union High School

Mr. Haley-Hill's Debate Links

Welcome, Debate!

Today we will go over the ways that the library can support your debate against McClatchy.
 
The library is in possession of a database called Opposing Viewpoints, and while it's not as sopohisticated as Jstor, it may be of some help during your studies, please check it out when you can.
 
Plan: The United States federal government should fully fund and launch the James Webb Space Telescope.

Contention 1 is solvency

JWST will be cut in the status quo – delay kills the program
Clark 11 (Stephen, writer @ spaceflight now, 7/14/11, http://www.spaceflightnow.com/news/n1107/14jwst/index.html) JPG
One week after a House subcommittee […] to gain anything by doing it."

Funding is the only barrier – we have the tech
Borowitz 11 (Mariel John, research analyst @ space foundation, July 2011, PhD candidate @ university of Maryland,http://www.spacefoundation.org/docs/James_Webb_Space_Telescope_-_A_Worthy_Investment.pdf) JPG
Technical performance in developing the […] unlocking the secrets of the universe.

Contention 2 is Leadership

Absent major projects, the US will lose space heg to China
Shelton and Foland 10 (R.D. Felton – president at World Tech Evaluation Center (WTEC), and P. Foland – researcher @ WTEC, 2/24/10,http://www.usinnovation.org/files/RaceforInnovationRSheltonWTEC.pdf) JPG
A simple summary of the current status […] their investments – for even greater benefit to mankind.

We’ll isolate a few internal links

First is STEM Education

US is losing top STEM students – Webb key to reclaim them
Overbye 11 (Dennis, writer @ NYT, 7/7/11, http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/07/science/07webb.html?_r=1) JPG
Astronomers reacted with immediate […] home in full living color.”

Funding Webb key visibility of American science leadership – that cause public science engagement
Discover 11 (7/7/11, http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/cosmicvariance/2011/07/07/james-webb-space-telescope/) JPG
JWST is a 6.5 meter IR-optimized […] scientific leadership in major projects.

Astronomy leadership is key to STEM education
Blandford et. al 10 – a Pehong and Adele Chen Professor of Physics and director of the Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Cosmology at Stanford University [Roger D. Blandford, Chair, Committee for a Decadal Survey of Astronomy and Astrophysics National Research Council, New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics, 2010, ISBN: 9780309158008, pg. 103-5]
Astronomy offers a high return […] involvement over the coming decade.

STEM is key to the US economy and competitiveness
Augustine 7 (Norman, retired CEO of Lockheed Martin, serves on Pres’s Council of Advisors on Science and Tech, 3/13/7,http://commdocs.house.gov/committees/science/hsy33801x.000/hsy33801x_0f.htm) JPG
The United States takes deserved pride […] whose economies are growing.

Economic Collapse risk global nuclear wars
Harris and Burrows 09 PhD European History @ Cambridge, counselor in the National Intelligence Council (NIC) & member of the NIC’s Long Range Analysis Unit
Mathew, and Jennifer “Revisiting the Future: Geopolitical Effects of the Financial Crisis” http://www.ciaonet.org/journals/twq/v32i2/f_0016178_13952.pdf
Of course, the report encompasses […] in a more dog-eat-dog world.

Space leadership and STEM are key to hegemony
Bell 11 (Larry, prof @ Houston U, director of Sasakawa Intl Center for Space Architectre and grad program, 7/12/11, http://blogs.forbes.com/larrybell/2011/07/12/does-the-united-states-still-care-about-space-leadership/) JPG
So what have we really gained […] that’s the sort of people we are.

Second internal link is space leadership

Webb only needs funding – that solves space and science leadership
Gough 11 (Myles, writer @ Cosmos Science Magazine, 7/21/11, http://www.cosmosmagazine.com/features/online/4541/will-cost-kill-hubble%E2%80%99s-successor?page=0%2C0) JPG
"Such a proposal threatens American leadership […] see the mission through."

Plan’s key to the perception of space leadership
Illingworth 11 (Garth, PhD in astronomy & astrophysics @ Australia National U, Professor of Astronomy and Astrophysics Astronomer, UC Observatories/Lick Observatory,1/21/11, www.stsci.edu/jwst/community-advice/JSTAC_Holdren_JWST.pdf) JPG
The James Webb Space Telescope […] the perspective of the JSTAC.

Third internal link is science diplomacy

Science leadership is critical to science diplomacy which solves wars, the economy, and the environment
Dr. Federoff 8 (Nina, Sec of State, http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CHRG-110hhrg41470/html/CHRG-110hhrg41470.htm)
Chairman Baird, Ranking Member […] advance U.S. interests in foreign policy.

Fourth internal link is soft power

Science leadership solves every impact – also key to soft power
Coletta 9 (Damon, PhD in Poli Sci @ Duke, Masters in Public Policy @ Harvard, Assoc Prof of Geopolitics & National Security Policy @ US Air Force Academy, September 2009, http://www.usafa.edu/df/inss/Research%20Papers/2009/09%20Coletta%20Science%20and%20InfluenceINSS(FINAL).pdf.) JPG
Less appreciated is how scientific […] U.S. leadership among nations.

Soft power solves extinction – also key to heg
Nye 8 – distinguished service professor and former dean of Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government, PhD in Political Science from Harvard [March 7, 2008, Joseph S. Nye Jr., “Security and Smart Power,” http://abs.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/51/9/1351]
Etzioni is correct that a successful policy […] pages developing one for Iran.

Soft power and tech leadership are the biggest internal to heg in the information age
Nye 4 (Joseph, former Asst Sec of Defense and Dean of JFK School of govt @ Harvard, 8/2/4, http://hbswk.hbs.edu/archive/4290.html) JPG
The conditions for projecting soft power […] the significance of soft power.

Heg de-escalates conflicts and prevents great power wars
Thayer 6 (Bradley A. Thayer, November/December, 2006 “In Defense of Primacy,” NATIONAL INTEREST Issue 86)
THROUGHOUT HISTORY, peace and stability […] humanitarian missions are the equivalent of a blitzkrieg.

Collapse causes multiple nuclear wars
Arbatov 7 (Alexei, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, member of the Editorial Board of Russia in Global Affairs, “Is a New Cold War Imminent,” Russia in Global Affairs, No. 2, July-September 2007, http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/numbers/20/1130.html)
However, the low probability […] capitals of the world.

Advantage 2 is science

Scenario 1 is astrophysics

JWST is critical to astrophysics
Illingworth 11 (Garth, PhD in astronomy & astrophysics @ Australia National U, Professor of Astronomy and Astrophysics Astronomer, UC Observatories/Lick Observatory, 7/21/11, http://science.nasa.gov/media/medialibrary/2011/07/22/7_21_2011-Illingworth_JWST-Comments_for_APS.pdf.) JPG
I think its most effective to fight one […] or whether it does not.

Astronomy and astrophysics solves warming
Blandford et. al. 10 – a Pehong and Adele Chen Professor of Physics and director of the Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Cosmology at Stanford University [Roger D. Blandford, Chair, Committee for a Decadal Survey of Astronomy and Astrophysics National Research Council, New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics, 2010, ISBN: 9780309158008, pg. 114-5]
Astronomy Addresses the Challenges […] to great interest in astronomy.

Warming is real & anthropogenic – causes extinction and outweighs every impact

Deibel 7 (Terry L, Professor of IR @ National War College, “Foreign Affairs Strategy: Logic for American Statecraft”, Conclusion: American Foreign Affairs Strategy Today)
Finally, there is one major existential […] existence of life on this planet.

Webb is key to discovering exoplanets – other telescopes fail
Mountain 11 (Matt, Director of the Space Telescope Science Institute & Prof of Physics @ Johns Hopkins and Oxford, Space Times Vol. 50 Issue 3, May/June 2011,https://blogs.stsci.edu/newsletter/2011/02/07/the-james-webb-space-telescope%E2%80%94it%E2%80%99s-complicated-but-so-is-leadership/) JPG
The recent release of NASA’s Independent […] If not us, then who?

Webb is the only option for discovering HABITABLE exoplanets – causes future exploration
Spotts 11 (Pete, staff writer @ Christian Science Monitor, 6/17/11, http://www.csmonitor.com/Science/2011/0617/Space-exploration-Will-budget-cuts-stall-search-for-other-Earths) JPG
Never has the young field […] designs for the TPF.

And that sparks a new era of space colonization.
Harrold, 08 – staff writer for the Gazette [July 18, 2008, Max Harrold, The Gazette, “Earth's twin coming into view; Scientists believe habitable planet will be spotted soon,” Lexis]
With less fanfare than […] it's okay to look."

Space colonization solves extinction
Matheny 7 [Jason G. Matheny, “Reducing the Risk of Human Extinction,” December 7, 2007, Risk Analysis: Volume 27, Issue 5, pages 1335–1344,http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1539-6924.2007.00960.x/full, DA 7/16/11]//RS
As for astronomical […] setback compared to extinction.

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